Monday, April 23, 2018

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 459 – Part IV.


YOUCAT Question n. 459 - Part IV. What ethical responsibilities are connected with the communications media?


(Youcat answer - repeated) Media producers have a responsibility toward media consumers. Above all they must truthfully inform. In both the gathering and the publication of real news, the rights and dignity of individuals must be observed.

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 2498 b) Civil authorities should punish any violation of the rights of individuals to their reputation and privacy. They should give timely and reliable reports concerning the general good or respond to the well-founded concerns of the people. Nothing can justify recourse to disinformation for manipulating public opinion through the media. Interventions by public authority should avoid injuring the freedom of individuals or groups.     

Reflecting and meditating 

(Youcat comment) The means of social communication should contribute to the establishment of justice, freedom, and solidarity in the world. In actual fact, the media are not uncommonly used as weapons in ideological conflict, or else, in a quest for higher ratings, all ethical regulation of the content is abandoned and the  media are turned into instruments for seducing people and making them dependent.

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 2499) Moral judgment must condemn the plague of totalitarian states which systematically falsify the truth, exercise political control of opinion through the media, manipulate defendants and witnesses at public trials, and imagine that they secure their tyranny by strangling and repressing everything they consider "thought crimes."    

(The next question is: What dangers result from the media?)

Sunday, April 22, 2018

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 459 – Part III.


YOUCAT Question n. 459 - Part III. What ethical responsibilities are connected with the communications media?


(Youcat answer - repeated) Media producers have a responsibility toward media consumers. Above all they must truthfully inform. In both the gathering and the publication of real news, the rights and dignity of individuals must be observed.

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 2497) By the very nature of their profession, journalists have an obligation to serve the truth and not offend against charity in disseminating information. They should strive to respect, with equal care, the nature of the facts and the limits of critical judgment concerning individuals. They should not stoop to defamation. 2497 

Reflecting and meditating 

(Youcat comment) The means of social communication should contribute to the establishment of justice, freedom, and solidarity in the world. In actual fact, the media are not uncommonly used as weapons in ideological conflict, or else, in a quest for higher ratings, all ethical regulation of the content is abandoned and the  media are turned into instruments for seducing people and making them dependent.

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 2498 a) "Civil authorities have particular responsibilities in this field because of the common good.... It is for the civil authority... to defend and safeguard a true and just freedom of information" (IM 12). By promulgating laws and overseeing their application, public authorities should ensure that "public morality and social progress are not gravely endangered" through misuse of the media (IM 12 § 2).

(This question: What ethical responsibilities are connected with the communications media? is continued)

Saturday, April 21, 2018

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 459 – Part II.


YOUCAT Question n. 459 - Part II. What ethical responsibilities are connected with the communications media?


(Youcat answer - repeated) Media producers have a responsibility toward media consumers. Above all they must truthfully inform. In both the gathering and the publication of real news, the rights and dignity of individuals must be observed.

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 2495) "It is necessary that all members of society meet the demands of justice and charity in this domain. They should help, through the means of social communication, in the formation and diffusion of sound public opinion" (IM 8). Solidarity is a consequence of genuine and right communication and the free circulation of ideas that further knowledge and respect for others.

Reflecting and meditating 

(Youcat comment) The means of social communication should contribute to the establishment of justice, freedom, and solidarity in the world. In actual fact, the media are not uncommonly used as weapons in ideological conflict, or else, in a quest for higher ratings, all ethical regulation of the content is abandoned and the  media are turned into instruments for seducing people and making them dependent.

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 2496) The means of social communication (especially the mass media) can give rise to a certain passivity among users, making them less than vigilant consumers of what is said or shown. Users should practice moderation and discipline in their approach to the mass media. They will want to form enlightened and correct consciences the more easily to resist unwholesome influences.  

(This question: What ethical responsibilities are connected with the communications media? is continued)

Friday, April 20, 2018

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 459 – Part I.


YOUCAT Question n. 459 - Part I. What ethical responsibilities are connected with the communications media?


(Youcat answer) Media producers have a responsibility toward media consumers. Above all they must truthfully inform. In both the gathering and the publication of real news, the rights and dignity of individuals must be observed.   

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 2493) Within modern society the communications media play a major role in information, cultural promotion, and formation. This role is increasing, as a result of technological progress, the extent and diversity of the news transmitted, and the influence exercised on public opinion. 

Reflecting and meditating 

(Youcat comment) The means of social communication should contribute to the establishment of justice, freedom, and solidarity in the world. In actual fact, the media are not uncommonly used as weapons in ideological conflict, or else, in a quest for higher ratings, all ethical regulation of the content is abandoned and the  media are turned into instruments for seducing people and making them dependent.

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 2494) The information provided by the media is at the service of the common good (Cf. IM 11). Society has a right to information based on truth, freedom, justice, and solidarity: The proper exercise of this right demands that the content of the communication be true and - within the limits set by justice and charity - complete. Further, it should be communicated honestly and properly. This means that in the gathering and in the publication of news, the moral law and the legitimate rights and dignity of man should be upheld (IM 5 § 2).   

(This question: What ethical responsibilities are connected with the communications media? is continued)

Thursday, April 19, 2018

Youcat commented through CCC – Question n. 458.


YOUCAT Question n. 458 - How confidential is the secret of the confessional?


(Youcat answer) The secret of the confessional is sacred. It cannot be violated for any reason, however weighty.

A deepening through CCC

(CCC 2490) The secret of the sacrament of reconciliation is sacred, and cannot be violated under any pretext. "The sacramental seal is inviolable; therefore, it is a crime for a confessor in any way to betray a penitent by word or in any other manner or for any reason" (CIC, Can. 983 § 1).   

 

Reflecting and meditating 

(Youcat comment) A priest must not report even the most heinous crime. He has the option of refusing absolution unless the penitent turns himself in to the police. Not even trifles from a child’s confession can be revealed by the priest, even under torture. 

(CCC Comment)

(CCC 1467) Given the delicacy and greatness of this ministry and the respect due to persons, the Church declares that every priest who hears confessions is bound under very severe penalties to keep absolute secrecy regarding the sins that his penitents have confessed to him. He can make no use of knowledge that confession gives him about penitents' lives (Cf. CIC, can. 1388 § 1; CCEO, can. 1456). This secret, which admits of no exceptions, is called the "sacramental seal," because what the penitent has made known to the priest remains "sealed" by the sacrament.

(The next question is: What ethical responsibilities are connected with the communications media?)